Volume-based quantitative FDG PET/CT metrics and their association with optimal debulking and progression-free survival in patients with recurrent ovarian cancer undergoing secondary cytoreductive surgery.
HA Vargas, IA Burger, DA Goldman, M Miccò, RE Sosa, W Weber, DS Chi, H Hricak, E Sala
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the associations between quantitative (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography (FDG-PET) uptake metrics, optimal debulking (OD) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with recurrent ovarian cancer undergoing secondary cytoreductive surgery. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with recurrent ovarian cancer underwent FDG-PET/CT within 90 days prior to surgery. Standardized uptake values (SUVmax), metabolically active tumour volumes (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were measured on PET. Exact logistic regression, Kaplan-Meier curves and the log-rank test were used to assess associations between imaging metrics, OD and PFS. RESULTS: MTV (p = 0.0025) and TLG (p = 0.0043) were associated with OD; however, there was no significant association between SUVmax and debulking status (p = 0.83). Patients with an MTV above 7.52 mL and/or a TLG above 35.94 g had significantly shorter PFS (p = 0.0191 for MTV and p = 0.0069 for TLG). SUVmax was not significantly related to PFS (p = 0.10). PFS estimates at 3.5 years after surgery were 0.42 for patients with an MTV ≤ 7.52 mL and 0.19 for patients with an MTV > 7.52 mL; 0.46 for patients with a TLG ≤ 35.94 g and 0.15 for patients with a TLG > 35.94 g. CONCLUSION: FDG-PET metrics that reflect metabolic tumour burden are associated with optimal secondary cytoreductive surgery and progression-free survival in patients with recurrent ovarian cancer. KEY POINTS: • Both TLG and MTV were associated with optimal tumour debulking. • There was no significant association between SUVmax and tumour debulking status. • Patients with higher MTV and/or TLG had significantly shorter PFS. • SUVmax was not significantly related to PFS.