Authors:
JP Iredale, S Goddard, G Murphy, RC Benyon, MJ Arthur
Journal name: 
Clin Sci (Lond)
Citation info: 
89(1):75-81
Abstract: 
1. Activated hepatic lipocytes are central to the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis as the principal source of both interstitial collagens and matrix-degrading metalloproteinases. In progressive fibrosis there is a failure to degrade interstitial collagens with a reported decrease in collagenase activity. In these studies we investigate expression of the potent collagenase inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, and interstitial collagenase in end-stage autoimmune chronic active hepatitis and activated human hepatic lipocytes in culture. 2. Messenger RNA transcripts for interstitial collagenase and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 in explanted human liver were quantified by ribonuclease protection assay and densitometric analysis. This indicated that tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 and interstitial collagenase expression in autoimmune chronic active hepatitis were also coordinately up-regulated. 3. Using Northern analysis of RNA from human lipocytes in primary culture on plastic, mRNA for interstitial collagenase could not be detected in unstimulated cells but was present after stimulation with tumour necrosis factor alpha. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 mRNA was present in unstimulated lipocytes and up-regulated fivefold in response to tumour necrosis factor alpha. Using activity assay of serum-free conditioned media, interstitial collagenase could not be detected in unstimulated primary cultures, primary cultures stimulated with tumour necrosis factor alpha or transforming growth factor beta-1 (n = 3 and n = 4 respectively) or in passaged lipocytes (n = 6). In contrast, free tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 activity was present in unstimulated and passaged cultures and this was increased in response to tumour necrosis factor alpha and transforming growth factor beta-1.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
DOI: 
http://doi.org/10.1042/cs0890075
E-pub date: 
01 Jul 1995
Users with this publication listed: 
Gillian Murphy