T Barrett, R Slough, N Sushentsev, N Shaida, BC Koo, I Caglic, V Kozlov, AY Warren, V Thankappannair, C Pinnock, N Shah, K Saeb-Parsy, VJ Gnanapragasam, E Sala, C Kastner
AIM: To evaluate the effect of pre-biopsy magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on cancer diagnostic times, and to report MRI-directed pathology outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 1483 patients were referred with prostate cancer suspicion during a 30-month period. Upfront MRI was performed in 745 patients: 332 MRIs in the 15 months prior to dedicated scanning slots (group 1), and 413 in the 15 months post-introduction (group 2). A further 88 patients had initial MRI following clinical assessment. Biopsy via the transrectal (TR) or transperineal (TP) approach was performed, with MRI/ultrasound fusion for MRI targets. Clinically significant cancer (csPCa) was defined as Gleason ≥3+4. Negative MRIs were defined as Likert 1-2. Per-case clinical decisions were taken to biopsy or not. RESULTS: 44.4% of patients avoided biopsy. 484/833 (58.1%) MRIs were negative; 37.4% of these patients had biopsy with a negative predictive value (NPV) of 92.8% for Gleason ≥3+4 and 98.3% for ≥4+3. Overall prostate cancer prevalence was 34.3% (24.6% csPCa). In 323 MRI-positive cases, any cancer was present in 78.9% (csPCa 60.4%). Of the 1483 patients, 1232 (83.1%) completed all diagnostic tests within 28 days. Upfront MRI patients met this standard in 621/833 (74.5%), improving from 66.9% to 81.1% with reserved slots (group 2) with a reduced diagnostic time from median 25.5 to 20.9 days. Biopsy scheduling delayed the pathway in 69.7%, with MRI responsible in 22.3%, reducing to 10.3% in group 2. TP biopsies met the 28-day standard in significantly less cases (29.7%), compared to TR (67.4%, p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: Reserved MRI slots reduces time-to-diagnosis, and upfront MRI safely avoids biopsy in a significant proportion of men, whilst maintaining expected csPCa detection rates.