B Li, T Ni Chonghaile, Y Fan, SF Madden, R Klinger, AE O'Connor, L Walsh, G O'Hurley, G Mallya Udupi, J Joseph, F Tarrant, E Conroy, A Gaber, S-F Chin, HA Bardwell, E Provenzano, J Crown, T Dubois, S Linn, K Jirstrom, C Caldas, DP O'Connor, WM Gallagher
Journal name: 
Cancer Res
Citation info: 
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients commonly exhibit poor prognosis and high relapse after treatment, but there remains a lack of biomarkers and effective targeted therapies for this disease. Here, we report evidence highlighting the cell-cycle-related kinase CDK7 as a driver and candidate therapeutic target in TNBC. Using publicly available transcriptomic data from a collated set of TNBC patients (n = 383) and the METABRIC TNBC dataset (n = 217), we found CDK7 mRNA levels to be correlated with patient prognosis. High CDK7 protein expression was associated with poor prognosis within the RATHER TNBC cohort (n = 109) and the METABRIC TNBC cohort (n = 203). The highly specific CDK7 kinase inhibitors, BS-181 and THZ1, each downregulated CDK7-mediated phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II, indicative of transcriptional inhibition, with THZ1 exhibiting 500-fold greater potency than BS-181. Mechanistic investigations revealed that the survival of MDA-MB-231 TNBC cells relied heavily on the BCL-2/BCL-XL signaling axes in cells. Accordingly, we found that combining the BCL-2/BCL-XL inhibitors ABT-263/ABT199 with the CDK7 inhibitor THZ1 synergized in producing growth inhibition and apoptosis of human TNBC cells. Collectively, our results highlight elevated CDK7 expression as a candidate biomarker of poor prognosis in TNBC, and they offer a preclinical proof of concept for combining CDK7 and BCL-2/BCL-XL inhibitors as a mechanism-based therapeutic strategy to improve TNBC treatment. Cancer Res; 77(14); 3834-45. ©2017 AACR.
Research group: 
Caldas Group
E-pub date: 
15 Jul 2017
Users with this publication listed: 
Carlos Caldas
Suet-Feung Chin