P Murat, R Bonnet, A Van der Heyden, N Spinelli, P Labbé, D Monchaud, M-P Teulade-Fichou, P Dumy, E Defrancq
A new biomolecular device for investigating the interactions of ligands with constrained DNA quadruplex topologies, using surface plasmon resonance (SPR), is reported. Biomolecular systems containing an intermolecular-like G-quadruplex motif 1 (parallel G-quadruplex conformation), an intramolecular G-quadruplex 2, and a duplex DNA 3 have been designed and developed. The method is based on the concept of template-assembled synthetic G-quadruplex (TASQ), whereby quadruplex DNA structures are assembled on a template that allows precise control of the parallel G-quadruplex conformation. Various known G-quadruplex ligands have been used to investigate the affinities of ligands for intermolecular 1 and intramolecular 2 DNA quadruplexes. As anticipated, ligands displaying a pi-stacking binding mode showed a higher binding affinity for intermolecular-like G-quadruplexes 1, whereas ligands with other binding modes (groove and/or loop binding) showed no significant difference in their binding affinities for the two quadruplexes 1 or 2. In addition, the present method has also provided information about the selectivity of ligands for G-quadruplex DNA over the duplex DNA. A numerical parameter, termed the G-quadruplex binding mode index (G4-BMI), has been introduced to express the difference in the affinities of ligands for intermolecular G-quadruplex 1 against intramolecular G-quadruplex 2. The G-quadruplex binding mode index (G4-BMI) of a ligand is defined as follows: G4-BMI=K(D)(intra)/K(D)(inter), where K(D)(intra) is the dissociation constant for intramolecular G-quadruplex 2 and K(D)(inter) is the dissociation constant for intermolecular G-quadruplex 1. In summary, the present work has demonstrated that the use of parallel-constrained quadruplex topology provides more precise information about the binding modes of ligands.