MA Janich, MA McLean, R Noeske, SJ Glaser, RF Schulte
J Magn Reson
A major challenge for in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy with point-resolved spectroscopy (PRESS) is the low signal intensity for the measurement of weakly scalar coupled spins, for example lactate. The chemical-shift displacement error between the two coupling partners of the lactate molecule leads to a signal decrease. The chemical-shift displacement error is decreased and therefore the lactate signal is increased by using refocusing pulses with a broad bandwidth. Previously, slice-selective broadband universal rotation pulses (S-BURBOP) were designed and applied as refocusing pulses in the PRESS pulse sequence (Janich MA, et al., Journal of Magnetic Resonance, 2011, 213, 126-135). However, S-BURBOP pulses leave a phase error across the slice which is superimposed on the spectra when spatially resolving the PRESS voxel. In the present novel design of slice-selective broadband refocusing pulses (S-BREBOP) this phase error is avoided. S-BREBOP pulses obtain 2.5 times the bandwidth of conventional Shinnar-Le Roux pulses and are robust against ±20% miscalibration of the B(1) amplitude. S-BREBOP pulses were validated in phantoms and in a low-grade brain tumor of a patient. Compared to conventional Shinnar-Le Roux pulses they lead to a decrease of the chemical-shift displacement error and consequently a lactate signal increase.