CD Browne, MM Hoefer, SK Chintalapati, MH Cato, Y Wallez, DV Ostertag, EB Pasquale, RC Rickert
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
The marginal zone is a cellular niche bordering the marginal sinus of the spleen that contains specialized B-cell and macrophage subsets poised to capture bloodborne antigens. Marginal zone B cells are retained in this niche by integrin-mediated signaling induced by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and, likely, the B-cell receptor (BCR). Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) signaling via the S1P family of GPCRs is known to be essential for B-cell localization in the marginal zone, but little is known about the downstream signaling events involved. Here, we demonstrate that the adaptor protein SHEP1 is required for marginal zone B-cell maturation. SHEP1 functions in concert with the scaffolding protein CasL, because we show that SHEP1 and CasL are constitutively associated in B cells. SHEP1 association is required for the BCR or S1P receptor(s) to induce the conversion of CasL into its serine/threonine hyperphosphorylated form, which is important for lymphocyte adhesion and motility. Thus, SHEP1 orchestrates marginal zone B-cell movement and retention as a key downstream effector of the BCR and S1P receptors.