OBJECTIVE: Intracavitary brachytherapy has an important role in treating cervical cancer. MRI is the optimal imaging technique to visualize the intracavitary brachytherapy probes and MRI-guided intracavitary brachytherapy is expected to increase significantly over the next 5 years. The purpose of this article is to review what a radiologist needs to know about imaging brachytherapy probes including the MR technique, correct positioning of the probes, and associated complications. CONCLUSION: MRI-guided intracavitary brachytherapy is an increasingly used therapy for the treatment of cervical cancer. This technique provides excellent visualization of intracavitary brachytherapy devices and allows accurate localization of residual tumor. It is important for radiologists to be familiar with the correct probe positioning as well as any potential complications.