Y Wang, P Broderick, A Matakidou, T Eisen, RS Houlston
Genome-wide association studies have provided evidence that common variation at 5p15.33 (TERT-CLPTM1L), 6p21.33 and 15q25.1 (CHRNA5-CHRNA3) influences lung cancer risk. To examine if variation at any of these loci influences the risk of lung cancer in never-smokers, we compared 5p15.33-TERT (rs2736100), 5p15.33-CLPTM1L (rs4975616), 6p21.33-BAT3 (rs3117582), 15q25.1-CHRNA3 (rs8042374) and 15q25.1-CHRNA3 (rs12914385) genotypes in a series of 239 never-smoker lung cancer cases and 553 never-smoker controls. A statistically significant association between lung cancer risk and 5p15.33 genotypes was found: rs2736100 (odds ratio = 0.78, 95% confidence interval: 0.63-0.97; P = 0.02), rs4975616 (odds ratio = 0.69, 95% confidence interval: 0.55-0.85; P = 7.95 x 10(-4)), primarily for adenocarcinoma. There was no evidence of association between 6p21.33 or 15q25.1 variation and risk of lung cancer. This analysis provides evidence that TERT-CLPTM1L variants may influence the risk of lung cancer outside the context of tobacco smoking.