K Wadhwa, G Patruno, A Patterson, T Barrett, C Dalia, BC Koo, FA Gallagher, E Serrao, A Warren, V Gnanapragasam, N Shah, A Doble, C Kastner
Minerva Urol Nefrol
BACKGROUND: To assess if transperineal prostate (TP) biopsy affects th e outcome of robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP), with particular reference to perioperative complications, oncological results and functional outcomes in the early postoperative setting. METHODS: We identified 61 men who had undergone RALP after TP biopsies, from June 2012 to June 2014 and a control group of 120 men who had undergone RALP after conventional TRUS biopsy in the same period. Data was compared from the pre-operative biopsy, peri- and postoperative period, procedural outcomes including histological, oncological and functional outcomes between the groups. RESULTS: The groups had comparable demographics, with matched median ages and PSA levels. There was a higher incidence of Gleason 6 disease detected in the TRUS group (P=0.01). Mean operative time (146 minutes TRUS vs. 158 minutes TP, P=0.133), blood loss (250 mL TRUS vs. 288 mL TP, P=0.462) and intraoperative complications were not significantly different between groups. Median length of stay (1 day) and median catheter duration (7 days) were identical in both cohorts. PSA failure rate at 6 months was similar (11.7% TRUS vs. 9.8% TP, P=0.904). There were no differences in functional outcomes (potency or continence) between groups at 6 month s follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: RALP is safe after TP biopsy with no adverse impact on oncological or short-term functional outcomes.