PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To briefly review the radiomics concept, its applications, and challenges in oncology in the era of precision medicine. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the last 5 years, more than 500 studies have evaluated the role of radiomics to predict tumor diagnosis, genetic pattern, tumor response to therapy, and survival in multiple cancers. This new post-processing method is aimed at extracting multiple quantitative features from the image and converting them into mineable data. Radiomics models developed have shown promising results and may play a role in the near future in the daily patient management especially to assess tumor heterogeneity acting as a whole tumor virtual biopsy. For now, radiomics is limited by its lack of standardization; future challenges will be to provide robust and reproducible metrics extracted from large multicenter databases.