LM Hoffman, M Fouladi, J Olson, VM Daryani, CF Stewart, C Wetmore, M Kocak, A Onar-Thomas, L Wagner, S Gururangan, RJ Packer, SM Blaney, A Gajjar, LE Kun, JM Boyett, RJ Gilbertson
Childs Nerv Syst
PURPOSE: Amplification and high levels of NOTCH ligand expression have been identified in several types of pediatric brain tumors. A phase I trial of weekly MK-0752, an oral inhibitor of gamma-secretase, was conducted in children with recurrent central nervous system (CNS) malignancies to estimate the maximum tolerated dose, dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics of weekly MK-0752. METHODS: MK-0752 was administered once weekly at 1000 and 1400 mg/m(2) using a rolling-6 design. PK analysis was performed during the first course. NOTCH and HES expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. RESULTS: Ten eligible patients were enrolled (median age 8.8 years; range 3.1-19.2) with diagnoses of brain stem glioma (n = 3), ependymoma (n = 2), anaplastic astrocytoma (n = 1), choroid plexus carcinoma (n = 2), medulloblastoma (n = 1), and primitive neuroectodermal tumor (n = 1). Nine were evaluable for toxicity. One DLT of fatigue occurred in the six evaluable patients enrolled at 1000 mg/m(2)/dose. No DLTs were experienced by three patients treated at 1400 mg/m(2)/dose. Non-dose-limiting grade 3 toxicities included lymphopenia, neutropenia, and anemia. Median number of treatment courses was 2 (range 1-10). Two patients continued on therapy for at least 6 months. The median (range) C(max) of MK-0752 was 88.2 μg/mL (40.6 to 109 μg/mL) and 60.3 μg/mL (59.2 to 91.9 μg/mL) in patients receiving 1000 and 1400 mg/m(2)/week, respectively. NOTCH expression was decreased in six of seven patients for whom tissue was available at 24 h post-MK-0752. CONCLUSION: MK-0752 is well tolerated and exhibits target inhibition at 1000 and 1400 mg/m(2)/week in children with recurrent CNS malignancies.