SL Spunt, SA Grupp, TA Vik, VM Santana, DJ Greenblatt, J Clancy, A Berkenblit, M Krygowski, R Ananthakrishnan, JP Boni, RJ Gilbertson
J Clin Oncol
PURPOSE: To determine dose-limiting toxicities, maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of weekly intravenous temsirolimus, a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway inhibitor, in pediatric patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cohorts of three to six patients 1 to 21 years of age with recurrent or refractory solid tumors were treated with a 1-hour intravenous infusion of temsirolimus weekly for 3 weeks per course at one of four dose levels: 10, 25, 75, or 150 mg/m(2). During the first two courses, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic evaluations (phosphorylation of S6, AKT, and 4EBP1 in peripheral-blood mononuclear cells) were performed. RESULTS: Dose-limiting toxicity (grade 3 anorexia) occurred in one of 18 evaluable patients at the 150 mg/m(2) level, which was determined to be tolerable, and an MTD was not identified. In 13 patients evaluable for response after two courses of therapy, one had complete response (CR; neuroblastoma) and five had stable disease (SD). Four patients (three SDs + one CR) remained on treatment for more than 4 months. The sum of temsirolimus and sirolimus areas under the concentration-time curve was comparable to values in adults. AKT and 4EBP1 phosphorylation were inhibited at all dose levels, particularly after two courses. CONCLUSION: Weekly intravenous temsirolimus is well tolerated in children with recurrent solid tumors, demonstrates antitumor activity, has pharmacokinetics similar to those in adults, and inhibits the mTOR signaling pathway in peripheral-blood mononuclear cells. Further studies are needed to define the optimal dose for use in combination with other antineoplastic agents in pediatric patients.