Authors:
GM Trinca, ML Goodman, EK Papachristou, CS D'Santos, P Chalise, R Madan, C Slawson, CR Hagan
Journal name: 
Horm Cancer
Citation info: 
9(1):12-21
Abstract: 
Emerging clinical trial data implicate progestins in the development of breast cancer. While the role for the progesterone receptor (PR) in this process remains controversial, it is clear that PR, a steroid-activated nuclear receptor, alters the transcriptional landscape of breast cancer. PR interacts with many different types of proteins, including transcriptional co-activators and co-repressors, transcription factors, nuclear receptors, and proteins that post-translationally modify PR (i.e., kinases and phosphatases). Herein, we identify a novel interaction between PR and O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT), the enzyme that catalyzes the addition of a single N-acetylglucosamine sugar, referred to as O-GlcNAc, to acceptor serines and threonines in target proteins. This interaction between PR and OGT leads to the post-translational modification of PR by O-GlcNAc. Moreover, we show that O-GlcNAcylated PR is more transcriptionally active on PR-target genes, despite the observation that PR messenger RNA and protein levels are decreased when O-GlcNAc levels are high. O-GlcNAcylation in breast cancer is clinically relevant, as we show that O-GlcNAc levels are higher in breast cancer as compared to matched normal tissues, and PR-positive breast cancers have higher levels of OGT. These data predict that under conditions where O-GlcNAc levels are high (breast cancer), PR, through an interaction with the modifying enzyme OGT, will exhibit increased O-GlcNAcylation and potentiated transcriptional activity. Therapeutic strategies aimed at altering cellular O-GlcNAc levels may have profound effects on PR transcriptional activity in breast cancer.
DOI: 
http://doi.org/10.1007/s12672-017-0310-9
E-pub date: 
01 Feb 2018
Users with this publication listed: 
Eva Papachristou