A Gebhardt, M Frye, S Herold, SA Benitah, K Braun, B Samans, FM Watt, H-P Elsässer, M Eilers
J Cell Biol
Myc plays a key role in homeostasis of the skin. We show that Miz1, which mediates Myc repression of gene expression, is expressed in the epidermal basal layer. A large percentage of genes regulated by the Myc-Miz1 complex in keratinocytes encode proteins involved in cell adhesion, and some, including the alpha6 and beta1 integrins, are directly bound by Myc and Miz1 in vivo. Using a Myc mutant deficient in Miz1 binding (MycV394D), we show that Miz1 is required for the effects of Myc on keratinocyte responsiveness to TGF-beta. Myc, but not MycV394D, decreases keratinocyte adhesion and spreading. In reconstituted epidermis, Myc induces differentiation and loss of cell polarization in a Miz1-dependent manner. In vivo, overexpression of beta1 integrins restores basal layer polarity and prevents Myc-induced premature differentiation. Our data show that regulation of cell adhesion is a major function of the Myc-Miz1 complex and suggest that it may contribute to Myc-induced exit from the epidermal stem cell compartment.