H Lee, AH Trainer, LS Friedman, FC Thistlethwaite, MJ Evans, BA Ponder, AR Venkitaraman
The murine Brca2 gene encodes a nuclear protein implicated in DNA repair. Brca2 behaves as a tumor suppressor, but paradoxically, its truncation causes proliferative arrest and spontaneous chromosomal damage. Here, we report that inactivation of cell cycle checkpoints responsive to mitotic spindle disruption, by mutant forms of p53 or Bub1, relieves growth arrest and initiates neoplastic transformation in primary cells homozygous for truncated Brca2. Tumors from Brca2-deficient animals exhibit dysfunction of the spindle assembly checkpoint, accompanied by mutations in p53, Bub1, and Mad3L. The chromosomal aberrations precipitated by Brca2 truncation can be suppressed by mutant forms of Bub1 and p53. Thus, inactivating mutations in mitotic checkpoint genes likely cooperate with BRCA2 deficiency in the pathogenesis of inherited breast cancer, with important implications for treatment.