S Cooksley, JB Hipkiss, SP Tickle, E Holmes-Ievers, AJ Docherty, G Murphy, AD Lawson
Immunoassays have been developed for human collagenase, stromelysin, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP) and TIMP complexed with both of the active enzymes. Selection of antibodies of defined specificity enabled measurement of both the pro and active forms of the metalloproteinase. Free TIMP was quantified by the selection of a monoclonal antibody which did not recognise TIMP when complexed with metalloproteinases. Detection of enzyme-inhibitor complexes was achieved by capturing the TIMP component of the complex and revealing the metalloenzyme using specific antibodies.