Authors:
C Roghi, L Jones, M Gratian, WR English, G Murphy
Journal name: 
FEBS J
Citation info: 
277(15):3158-3175
Abstract: 
Membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a proteinase involved in the remodelling of extracellular matrix and the cleavage of a number of substrates. MT1-MMP is synthesized as a zymogen that requires intracellular post-translational cleavage to gain biological activity. Furin, a member of the pro-protein convertase family, has been implicated in the proteolytic removal of the MT1-MMP prodomain sequence. In the present study, we demonstrate a role for the peripheral Golgi matrix protein GRASP55 in the furin-dependent activation of MT1-MMP. MT1-MMP and furin were found to co-localize with Golgi reassembly stacking protein 55 (GRASP55). Further analysis revealed that GRASP55 associated with the cytoplasmic domain of both proteases and that the LLY(573) motif in the MT1-MMP intracellular domain was crucial for the interaction with GRASP55. Overexpression of GRASP55 was found to enhance the formation of a complex between MT1-MMP and furin. Finally, we report that disruption of the interaction between GRASP55 and furin led to a reduction in pro-MT1-MMP activation. Taken together, these data suggest that GRASP55 may function as an adaptor protein coupling MT1-MMP with furin, thus leading to the activation of the zymogen.
DOI: 
http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-4658.2010.07723.x
Research group: 
Murphy Group
E-pub date: 
31 Aug 2010