C Roghi, L Jones, M Gratian, WR English, G Murphy
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Membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a proteinase involved in the remodelling of extracellular matrix and the cleavage of a number of substrates. MT1-MMP is synthesized as a zymogen that requires intracellular post-translational cleavage to gain biological activity. Furin, a member of the pro-protein convertase family, has been implicated in the proteolytic removal of the MT1-MMP prodomain sequence. In the present study, we demonstrate a role for the peripheral Golgi matrix protein GRASP55 in the furin-dependent activation of MT1-MMP. MT1-MMP and furin were found to co-localize with Golgi reassembly stacking protein 55 (GRASP55). Further analysis revealed that GRASP55 associated with the cytoplasmic domain of both proteases and that the LLY(573) motif in the MT1-MMP intracellular domain was crucial for the interaction with GRASP55. Overexpression of GRASP55 was found to enhance the formation of a complex between MT1-MMP and furin. Finally, we report that disruption of the interaction between GRASP55 and furin led to a reduction in pro-MT1-MMP activation. Taken together, these data suggest that GRASP55 may function as an adaptor protein coupling MT1-MMP with furin, thus leading to the activation of the zymogen.
E-pub date: 
31 Aug 2010
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Gillian Murphy