A Wibmer, HA Vargas, TF Donahue, J Zheng, C Moskowitz, J Eastham, E Sala, H Hricak
AJR Am J Roentgenol
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to investigate the added value of second-opinion evaluation of prostate MRI by subspecialized genitourinary oncologic radiologists for the assessment of extracapsular extension (ECE) of prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective evaluation of initial and second-opinion radiology reports of 76 patients who underwent MRI of the prostate before prostatectomy for histologically proven prostate cancer. Initial outside reports and second-opinion reports were unpaired and reviewed in random order by a urologist who was blinded to patients' clinical details and histopathologic data. Histopathologic analysis of the prostatectomy specimen served as the reference standard. RESULTS: Among cases with diagnostic-quality images available (71/76; 93%), disagreement between the initial report and the second-opinion report was observed in 30% of cases (21/71; κ = 0.35); in 18 of these 21 cases (86%), histopathologic analysis proved that the second-opinion report was correct. The second-opinion interpretations had statistically significantly higher sensitivity (66% vs 24%; p < 0.0001) than did the initial reports, whereas there was no statistically significant difference in specificity (87% vs 93%; p = 0.317). On ROC curve analysis, the second-opinion reports yielded a statistically significantly higher AUC for the detection of ECE (0.80 vs 0.65; p = 0.004). CONCLUSION: The reinterpretation of prostate MRI examinations by subspecialized genitourinary oncologic radiologists improved the detection of ECE of prostate cancer.