Decreased expression of C3b receptor (CR1) on erythrocytes of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus contrasts with its normal expression in other systemic diseases and does not correlate with the occurrence or severity of SLE nephritis.
MH Jouvin, JG Wilson, P Bourgeois, DT Fearon, MD Kazatchkine
Expression of the C3b/C4b receptor (CR1) on erythrocytes is decreased in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) compared to normal individuals, and the CR1 antigen is absent from podocytes in severe diffuse proliferate nephritis of SLE. In the present study, we examined the relationship between the number of CR1 on erythrocytes and the occurrence and severity of SLE nephritis, and assessed the expression of CR1 on erythrocytes and the occurrence and severity of SLE nephritis, and assessed the expression of CR1 on erythrocytes in non-SLE nephritis and other systemic inflammatory diseases by measuring the binding of 125I-labeled rabbit F(ab')2 and murine monoclonal IgG anti-CR1 antibodies to erythrocytes of normal individuals and patients in a French population. The number of binding sites for monoclonal anti-CR1 antibody on erythrocytes of 116 normal individuals was 743 +/- 22 (mean +/- SEM) with a range of 169-1,333, and the frequency distribution of this number in the population was bimodal. In 112 patients with SLE, the mean number of CR1 sites on erythrocytes was decreased to 62% of the mean for normal individuals (p less than 0.001). No correlation was found between CR1 expression on erythrocytes and the presence or immunohistopathological type of glomerulonephritis in biopsy specimens from these patients. The mean number of CR1 on erythrocytes of 29 patients with non-SLE glomerulonephritis was slightly decreased to 89% of the normal mean (p greater than 0.05), which could not be attributed to glomerular immune complex disease or vasculitis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)