T Barrett, AB Gill, MY Kataoka, AN Priest, I Joubert, MA McLean, MJ Graves, S Stearn, DJ Lomas, JR Griffiths, D Neal, VJ Gnanapragasam, E Sala
Magn Reson Med
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is a key primary treatment for advanced and metastatic prostate cancer and is an important neoadjuvant before radiotherapy. We evaluated 3.0 T dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI in monitoring ADT response. Twenty-three consecutive patients with prostate cancer treated by primary ADT were included. Imaging was performed at baseline and 3 months posttreatment with ADT. After 3 months therapy there was a significant reduction in all dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI parameters measured in tumor regions of interest (K(trans), k(ep), v(p), IAUGC-90); P < 0.001. Areas of normal-appearing peripheral zone showed no significant change; P = 0.285-0.879. Post-ADT, there was no significant change in apparent diffusion coefficient values in tumors, whilst apparent diffusion coefficient values significantly decreased in areas of normal-appearing peripheral zone, from 1.786 × 10(-3) mm(2) /s to 1.561 × 10(-3) mm(2) /s; P = 0.007. As expected the median Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) significantly reduced from 30 ng/mL to 1.5 ng/mL posttreatment, and median prostate volume dropped from 47.6 cm(3) to 24.9 cm(3) ; P < 0.001. These results suggest that dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and diffusion-weighted MRI offer different information but that both could prove useful adjuncts to the anatomical information provided by T2-weighted imaging. dynamic contrast-enhanced as a marker of angiogenesis may help demonstrate ADT resistance and diffusion-weighted imaging may be more accurate in determining presence of tumor cell death versus residual tumor.