C Methner, U Donat, SB Felix, T Krieg
Journal name: 
Acta Physiol (Oxf)
Citation info: 
AIM: The endogenous autacoid bradykinin (BK) reportedly reduces myocardial infarct size when given exogenously at reperfusion. Muscarinic and opioid G-protein-coupled receptors are equally protective and have been shown to couple through a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-dependent transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Here we test whether BK protects the rat heart through the EGFR by an MMP-dependent pathway. METHODS: Infarct size was measured in isolated perfused rat hearts undergoing 30 min regional ischaemia followed by 120 min reperfusion. In additional studies HL-1 cardiomyocytes were loaded with tetramethylrhodamine ethyl to measure their mitochondrial membrane potential (Psim). Adding the calcium ionophore calcimycin, causes Psim-collapse presumably due to calcium-induced mitochondrial permeability transition. RESULTS: As expected, BK (100 nmol L(-1)) started 5 min prior to reperfusion reduced infarct size from 38.9 +/- 2.0% of the ischaemic zone in control hearts to 22.2 +/- 3.3% (P < 0.001). Co-infusing the EGFR inhibitor AG1478, the broad-spectrum MMP-inhibitor GM6001, or a highly selective MMP-8 inhibitor abolished BK's protection, thus suggesting an MMP-8-dependent EGFR transactivation in the signalling. Eighty minutes of exposure to calcimycin reduced the mean cell fluorescence to 37.4 +/- 1.8% of untreated cells while BK could partly preserve the fluorescence and, hence, protect the cells (50.5 +/- 2.3%, P < 0.001). The BK-induced mitochondrial protection could again be blocked by AG1478, GM6001 and MMP-8 inhibitor. Finally, Western blotting revealed that BK's protection was correlated with increased phosphorylation of EGFR and its downstream target Akt. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that BK at reperfusion triggers its protective signalling pathway through MMP-8-dependent transactivation of the EGFR.
E-pub date: 
31 Dec 2009