C Methner, K Schmidt, MV Cohen, JM Downey, T Krieg
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol
Pre- and postconditioning depend on the activation of adenosine receptors (ARs) at the end of the index ischemia. The aim of this study was to determine which receptor subtypes must be activated. In situ mouse hearts underwent 30 min of regional ischemia, followed by 2 h of reperfusion. As expected, either ischemic postconditioning (6 cycles of 10 s of reperfusion and 10 s of coronary occlusion) or infusion of the selective A(2b) adenosine receptor (A(2b)AR) agonist BAY60-6583 (BAY60) for 60 min, starting 5 min before reperfusion reduced infarct size in wild-type C57Bl/6N mice. Protection from either was abolished by the selective A(2b)AR antagonist MRS-1754, confirming a role for A(2b)AR. Additionally, the coadministration of ischemic postconditioning and a selective A(2a)AR antagonist led to the loss of protection as well. 5'-Ectonucleotidase (CD73) is thought to be necessary for the production of adenosine during ischemia. As predicted, ischemic postconditioning did not protect CD73 knockout mice. Selective agonists of either A(2b)AR (BAY60) or A(2a)AR (CGS-21680), as well as the coadministration of ischemic postconditioning and BAY60, also failed to protect hearts of the CD73 knockout mice. But the nonselective A(1)/A(2)AR agonist 5'-(N-ethylcarboxamido)adenosine (NECA) was protective, suggesting that the activation of multiple AR subtypes might be required. The coadministration of CGS-21680 and BAY60 also elicited profound protection, indicating that two AR subtypes, A(2a) and A(2b), must be simultaneously activated for protection to occur.