T Powles, S-JS Foreshew, J Shamash, N Sarwar, S Crabb, A Sahdev, J Nixon, L Lim, A Pungaliya, A Foreshaw, R Davies, M Greenwood, P Wilson, S Pacey, M Galazi, R Jones, S Chowdhury
Eur J Cancer
BACKGROUND: Everolimus (mammalian target of rapmaycin (mTOR) inhibitor) and dovitinib (vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) inhibitor) demonstrate activity in metastatic clear cell renal cancer. The combination of these agents has a broad spectrum of relevant activity. The combination is explored in this phase Ib study. METHODS: Patients with metastatic clear cell renal cancer who have failed VEGF targeted therapy were eligible. Up to four cohorts of three to six patients (3+3 design) were treated with escalating doses of everolimus and dovitinib. Dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) were assessed to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). An expansion cohort (n=15) was investigated to obtain additional efficacy information. Sequential fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) was used as a surrogate marker of response. RESULTS: Overall 18 patients were recruited into the study. Fifteen patients received the MTD, which was everolimus 5mg orally (PO) once daily (OD) and dovitinib 200mg PO day 1-5/7. The MTD was associated with toxicity, which included fatigue, mucositis and diarrhoea in 73%, 53% and 53% (Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) grade 1-4) of patients, respectively. Frequent biochemical abnormalities occurred (such as hypertriglyceridaemia in 67%). Higher doses of the combination were not tolerable due to grade 3 fatigue in 2/3 patients and grade 3 nausea in 1/3 patients within 1 month of therapy. The response rate at the MDT was 1/15 (7%) while the progression free survival for the MTD was 7 months (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.2-11 months). Pharmacokinetic data at the MTD showed stable kinetics with time. CONCLUSION: Dovitinib and everolimus had modest activity, but did not meet all of the planned efficacy end-points. Fatigue was the dose limiting toxicity.