S Pacey, RH Wilson, M Walton, MM Eatock, A Hardcastle, A Zetterlund, H-T Arkenau, J Moreno-Farre, U Banerji, B Roels, H Peachey, W Aherne, JS de Bono, F Raynaud, P Workman, I Judson
Clin Cancer Res
PURPOSE: A phase I study to define toxicity and recommend a phase II dose of the HSP90 inhibitor alvespimycin (17-DMAG; 17-dimethylaminoethylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin). Secondary endpoints included evaluation of pharmacokinetic profile, tumor response, and definition of a biologically effective dose (BED). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with advanced solid cancers were treated with weekly, intravenous (i.v.) 17-DMAG. An accelerated titration dose escalation design was used. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was the highest dose at which ≤ 1/6 patients experienced dose limiting toxicity (DLT). Dose de-escalation from the MTD was planned with mandatory, sequential tumor biopsies to determine a BED. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic assays were validated prior to patient accrual. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients received 17-DMAG (range 2.5-106 mg/m(2)). At 106 mg/m(2) of 17-DMAG 2/4 patients experienced DLT, including one treatment-related death. No DLT occurred at 80 mg/m(2). Common adverse events were gastrointestinal, liver function changes, and ocular. Area under the curve and mean peak concentration increased proportionally with 17-DMAG doses 80 mg/m(2) or less. In peripheral blood mononuclear cells significant (P < 0.05) HSP72 induction was detected (≥ 20 mg/m(2)) and sustained for 96 hours (≥ 40 mg/m(2)). Plasma HSP72 levels were greatest in the two patients who experienced DLT. At 80 mg/m(2) client protein (CDK4, LCK) depletion was detected and tumor samples from 3 of 5 patients confirmed HSP90 inhibition. Clinical activity included complete response (castration refractory prostate cancer, CRPC 124 weeks), partial response (melanoma, 159 weeks), and stable disease (chondrosarcoma, CRPC, and renal cancer for 28, 59, and 76 weeks, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The recommended phase II dose of 17-DMAG is 80 mg/m(2) weekly i.v.